APHASIA IS A LOSS OR DISORDER IN AN ALREADY ADOPTED LANGUAGE AND SPEECH AS A RESULT OF BRAIN INJURIES. IT REFERS TO THE DISINTEGRATION OF THE CNS (CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM).
REHABILITATION IS A LENGTHY PROCESS IN WHICH A SPEECH THERAPIST ENABLES THE PATIENT TO SUCCESSFULLY RE-SOCIALIZE, USING PROFESSIONAL THERAPEUTIC PROCEDURES.
The causes of damage to the CNS are typically vascular lesions, tumours, trauma, infections, degenerative diseases of the CNS, etc. The most common cause is apoplexy (stroke), which occurs as a result of embolism, thrombosis, haemorrhage and ischemia.
In the case of aphasia, the problem is primarily noticed in the linguistic elements and meanings of words, rather than in the articulation and sound elements of speech. Difficulties include the adequate use of words and their meanings, grammaticality, syntax, reading, writing and arithmetic. There are also difficulties in memorizing and understanding or difficulties in expression.
Furthermore, changes in behaviour and personality, both in the emotional and intellectual sphere, are very frequent. This further emphasises the complexity and sensitivity of the therapy and includes working with the patient's family as well.
Aphasia is a syndrome of various neurological and psychological behaviours, followed by speech and language disorders. Some of them include hemiplegia, agnosia, apraxia, hemianopia, epilepsy, dysarthria, dysphonia, anarthria, amusia, and others.